Writing Up Qualitative Reserach By Wolcott H E Mr Jiroj

Summary of Writing up Qualitative Research by Wolcott H. E.

1. On Your Mark…
2. Get Going
3. Keep Going
4. Linking up
5. Tightening up
6. Finishing up
7. Getting Publish
8. Application in Finance
9. Question

Writing up Qualitative Research
1. On Your Mark…
•Get something to write.
•Everything can be written later.
•List all the things that help you get writing.

2. Get Going
•Draft a statement of purpose for a possible study. Use the statement to make the ideas discussed. The statement of purpose should be 25 words or less.
•Simply tell the story of what you did and what they did. If there is treatment, tell how things are before and after the treatment. Try to describe the way you image it from the view point of others at the scene. Answer questions like, in term of what? then what happened?, why are you telling that?
•Try to refine or shorten what you have to write. From what you know, identify the major topics that you plan to address and the order in which you intend to address them. Assign each topic a tentative number of pages.
•Don’t have to begin at the beginning. Write whatever parts you are ready to write. If you have the attractive idea, write a very rough first before begin the actual research.

3. Keep going
•Keep writing moving forward. Get the essence of your study committed to paper, no matter how rough it may seem. Well-focused interpretive statements may help you to improve the problem statements.
•Keep your focus in mind but maintain a healthy skepticism about the focus itself. Always consider the possibility that you are not yet on target. A guiding question is that is this a study of?
•Major concern, especially in writing the first draft, is not only to get something down but also to get rid of data – to focus to home in on your topic.
•Do not allow ourselves to get stuck because of data you do not have or problems and elements that you do not understand or cannot interpret. Make note of what is bothering. If the problem can be fixed, go on with it. Reader will not be offended if you do not presume to know everything.
•Write in the first person unless absolutely forbidden to do so by an editor or dissertation committee.
•Try writing your descriptive passages entirely in the past tense.
•Use your extensive field notes and fieldwork experience to provide concrete examples and illustrations.
•Write for your peers. Pitch the level of your discussion to an audience of readers whom you assume to be deeply interested in finding out what you have been up to. Write you dissertation with fellow graduate students in mind, not your learned committee.
•Give emphasis to important points you develop. Give ideas some room by being attentive to paragraphing. Make generous use of headings and subheadings to call the reader’s attention and to mark shift in focus.
•Avoid wordiness, passive or convolution constructions, long words and pompous phrases, abstract nouns and faulty pronoun references, misplaced modifiers, and nonparallel constructions.
•Hold off on seeking feedback until you yourself have taken your study as far as you can go. Capture your idea first before involving others. Do not seek help that is premature or that you do not intend to use.

4. Linking up
•If required by a dissertation committee, editor, or publisher to address such topics as a stand-apart literature review or a separate treatise on theory, or method, do as you must. But do not simply assume that these topics have to be dealt with in a particular place or manner. Do not let your review of what others have done overshadow or preempt what you have to report.
•Do not overdo the literature review. Draw attention to closely related studies. If the comprehensiveness of the literature review required by your thesis committee seems to far exceed the scope of your research topic, negotiate to prepare a review separately, so that anything include in the thesis itself has immediate relevance.
•Do not cower before theory. If theory has neither explicitly guided the research nor been of help in the analysis of data, discuss what you hoped theory could do for you and the likely form(s) that help might take, rather than trump up some nebulous theoretical links that serve only as window dressing. But do track the origins in your thinking about the problem you are investigating, its significance, its complexity.
•Do not belabor the broad topic of method. Do not attempt to review or defend the entire qualitative movement. Restrict your detailed explanation of fieldwork techniques to how you obtained the data you used, not how everyone who pursues a qualitative approach goes about getting theirs. Same with analysis: What did you do that made your data usable?

5. Tightening up
•In and of itself, the relatively greater length of qualitative accounts should not be of primary concern. Providing an adequate descriptive basis calls for details.
•Unnecessary length, or the inclusion of seemingly tangential material, on the other hand is distracting, leaving the reader to wonder if an author has lost the way or is telling stories for his or her own sake rather than to achieve a purpose.
•Attending to sentence structure offers a fist step to the kind of tightening that so improves writing. Phrases like “in and of itself” or “on the other hand” in the points immediately above, can be edited out in the interest of an economy of style.
•Unless there is some compelling reason for presenting long interview protocols in an informant’s own words, or drawing long quotations from the work of others, paraphrase and/ or edit to lend emphasis to the material that you do quote.
•If cutting words per page or pages per chapter it is not sufficient to reach a desired (or imposed) page limit, consider deleting entire sections, even entire chapters, leaving some topics to be taken up elsewhere.

6 Finishing up
•There are many details to be looked after if you have prepared material that is going to be published. Some details are not optional, others may confront you with a choice, and it is to your advantage to have given them some thought beforehand. Keep your original purposes clearly in mind with every decision you make, and do not hesitate to make your preference known.
•Carefully read and follow the guidelines for submitting manuscripts to a journal or publisher. You may be able to negotiate some requirements, but in general, you will be expected to know and to observe format specifications.
•Don’t allow the seemingly small tasks associated with finishing up to be given short shrift as last-minute details attended to hurriedly. Your final title and table of contents, your bibliographic citations, your abstract, your indexes, anything you prepare may be judged as a sample of your scholarship and writing. Be sure they are accurate, informative, and well written.
•Don’t overburden your account with prefaces, introductions, forewords, acknowledgments, dedications, etc. Get to the point. If you want to chat more informally with readers, consider doing so at the end of your study, when they are better able to decide whether they want to know more about you or your work.
•When making additions to your bibliography or inserting quoted material from informants or other sources, get the details in the informant you need, get them right, and be done with it. Don’t leave the chore of checking details to the last minute when it is so much easier to get things right the first time.
•Make sure that any supplementary material you add, such as photographs or charts and tables are appropriate, of high quality, and instructively labeled.

7. Getting publish
•No one other than you yourself need ever see your early draft.
•Until you have a rough draft of what you have report, there is no chance of improving it. Start there.
•Solicit the views of editors and publishers about the topics or ideas you have for publishing.
•There are several alternatives to publishing, ways through which you can make your (unpublished) research available to others.
•Keep always in mind: There is no such thing as unreported research.

8. Application in Finance
•Qualitative research helps to understand finance from other aspects. It will give the insight cause of financial behavior.

9. Questions
•What aspects of finance are appropriate for qualitative research?

Reference: Wolcott H. E., (2009) Writing up qualitative research 3rd Edition SAGE publications, Inc.

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